Brewing coffee

There is no best way of making coffee. Coffee can be brewed in many ways, each with their advantages and disadvantages. Here you can read about the different methods:

  • Espresso
  • Coffee machine
  • Vac pot
  • Press coffee
  • Boiling coffee
  • Instant coffee
  • Coffee pods
  • Aero press
  • Mocka pot

 

Espresso

The principle of espresso brewing is that hot water (about 200 degrees) with a pressure of approx. 9 bar presses the water through a close-packed portion of finely ground coffee. The process takes about 25 seconds.

The big advantage of the method is that it releases the flavors and oils which would not otherwise be extracted from the coffee, thus creating a quality which cannot otherwise be produced by other brewing methods.

Espresso can only be made on coffee that is roasted and malted specifically for espresso use. This is because the brewing method requires that the coffee should be dark roasted and finely ground.

 

Coffee Machine

Coffee in this way is made ​​by pouring coffee into a filter and pouring hot water (190 ° F-200 ° F) through the filter. As a rule, the coffee machine has a built-in hot plate, so the coffee can be kept warm after it has been made. Cheap coffee makers often vary in brewing temperature and for this reason they might not utilize the full flavor of the coffee beans.

 

Grinding level: Medium. All types of coffee may be used.

 

Vac Pot

This method which had its heyday in the 1960s is also called vacuum brewing.

The coffee is made ​​in a percolator where the water is poured into the lower part and the beans poured in the upper part. The device is then put over fire in the supplied alcohol burner, and the boiling water that is created is then forced into the upper coffee container.

When almost all the water has risen up, the flask is removed from the fire, and then the coffee will sink into the flask, after which it is ready to drink. The method can give a very clear and aromatic coffee, but it can be difficult to master and the results can therefore vary greatly in quality.

Coffee with a high degree of bitterness are best suited for vac pot coffee brewing. The coffee must be ground in medium fine quality.

 

Press Coffee

The primary advantage of the press coffee brewing method is that the methodgives a good concentration ofthe extracts in coffeebecause the water and the coffeeare in close contact witheach other for a long period of time.

This coffee is made by pouring hotwater (about 200 degrees)overcoarsely groundcoffee. The coffee is then left for 3 to 5 minutes, and then a stamp is pressed down, so that the coffee groundsare separated from the liquid water. Remember to skim the top off before the coffee is served. Also remember that coffee grounds will not be separated completely from the coffee, and will therefore continue to be brewed.

Most types of coffee can be used. The coffee should be fine ground.

 

Boiling coffee

Boiling coffee is made ​​by pouring coffee into a pan or similar, adding hot water, and then letting it brew in the boiling water for a few minutes. Then let the precipitate sit, and drink gently by filtering the coffee with the front teeth. The method was previously widely used in Norwegian and Swedish peasant cultures.

Finely milled durum roasted coffees hould be used.

 

Instant coffee

Every 5th cup of coffee that is made is instant coffee. Instant coffee is often referred to as Nescafe. The product is made by drying of an aqueous coffee extract. Thus, it is a powder which can be dissolved in hot water, after which the coffee drink is ready. The shelf life of the product is about 4 to 6 weeks after opening.

Many coffee drinkers often feel that instant coffee tastes bitter and feels dry in the mouth. The advantage of this coffee is that it never tastes rancid, and of course the coffee can be made quickly and simply.

The product is a combination where many different sources of coffee beans are used, and the precise information of the coffees origin is not normally know.

 

Coffee pods

Brewing coffee in pods are becoming increasingly popular. By using pods you are able to brew coffee with a precise weighing of the quantity of coffee and water. Coffee made this way is made by a placing a pod (containing coffee) in the dedicated coffee pod machine, after which the water is forced through the coffee in a filter.

The method’s advantages are its simple production process, its easy cleaning of the equipment, and the uniformity brewing results.

Alltypes of coffee is available as pods. However because the production method is the same regardless of the coffee used, the quality variationlies in the use of coffees sortsand the coffee roasting, not the actual brewing process.

 

Aero press

The principle of aero press coffee brewing could be viewed as an advanced variation offilter coffee brewing.The difference isthat with aero press, the coffeeis brewed ina funnel withmore contact between the water and the coffee, and the method is using a finer filter. Aero press coffee will normally end op to be brewed as a strong cup of coffee.

The method is especially well suited for experimental coffee brewing, and all types ofbeanscan be used. The coffeeshouldbemedium-fine grinded.

 

The mocha pot

The mocha pot brewing principles resamples how espresso coffee is made, but since the mocha pot coffee is not brewed under the same steam pressureas espresso the extracted fatty oil will not be the same as you would get in espresso brewing.

The coffee is brewed by pouring pre-cooked water in the baseof the machines jug. Then the water is heated and when the water reaches the boiling point, steam pushes up through theground coffee, thus forming the coffee in the carafe top.

Most types of coffee can be used, however,sour coffee best seems to generate the best results.The coffee should  be fine ground.