The History of coffee

Coffee growing started in Ethiopia in the Kafka province around 1000 BC. It spread to Yemen via the port town Mocka. Coffee gained popularity fast in the Islamic world. In 1453 Ottoman Turk brings coffee back to Constantinople and opens the world’s first coffee shop called “Kiva Han”.
 

Venetian traders brought coffee home to Venice for the first time in 1615. The beans was sold praising medical qualities of the product. The first coffee house in England opens in 1652.

 

In 1699, the Dutch smuggled coffee plants out of Mocka and distributed the plant to Java, Ceylon and other of its colonies in the South East Asia. From there, the coffee plant was distributed to the West Indies and in 1727 it came to Brazil. Brazil becomes the world’s largest coffee producing nation in 1800, and has maintained this position ever since.

Max Morgenhaler invents Nescafe after 8 years of test and development in 1938.

The Italian Achillies Gagia invents the espresso machine in 1946. Shortly thereafter cappuccino is introduced, named after the Chapucin monks light brown hoods.

 

Coffee is now produced in more than 70 countries, and Brazil, Vietnam and Indonesia produces more that 50 % of the world’s coffee.

“The French philosopher Voltaire is said to have consumed more that 50 cups of coffee a day.”

“Johan Sebastian Bach has written a opera about a woman that was addicted to coffee.”